The Man Behind Turner’s: A Biography of Henry H. Turner
Young Henry Turner
Turner’s Syndrome is named after Henry H. Turner who published a paper describing the features of Turner’s Syndrome in 1938. Henry Turner was born on August 28, 1892 in Harrisburg, Illinois to John William Turner and Alice Rose Turner. He attended St. Louis University from 1914 to 1918 to earn his undergraduate degree in Pre-Medicine. He served as a “pregraduate extern” at the St. John’s Hospital St. Louis under the supervision of Dr. William Engelbach. Dr. Engelbach is actually known as one of the founders in Endocrinology and actually served as one of the first presidents of the famously known Endocrine Society. Dr. Engelbach educated Turner about radiology and endocrinology and sparked Turner’s interest in the subjects. He then entered medical school at St. Louis University and later transferred to the University of Louisville, where he would earn his degree in 1921. He served his internship in Lousiville and was appointed the Chief Resident there from 1922 to 1924. He married Frances Buckley on June 28, 1923, and together they had Marian Fraces and Alice Ann. In 1924, he and his wife moved to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and he served as a Captain in the Oklahoma National Guard from 1924-1927. He opened his own private practice in Oklahoma City, and was appointed as an Instructor of Medicine at the University Of Oklahoma College Of Medicine in 1924. He later served as the superintendent of the school. Only one neurologist worked at the University and died in 1930. At this time, Turner traveled to the University of Vienna for training in neurology and endocrinology. He studied for two months at the Hospital for Paralyzed and Epileptics in London. He returned to America and was later promoted to the Clinical Professor of Medicine, and later the Clinical Professor Emeritus of Medicine. He served in many different organizations, such as the President of the National Society for Nuclear Medicine. He also received many honors throughout his career, such as a member of the National College of Surgeons of Brazil. He died on August 4, 1970 from lung cancer complications because of his smoking habits.